Coughing in Blood

Definition

Coughing up blood can be caused by a variety of lung conditions. Coughing up blood can take different forms: The blood may be bright red or pink and frothy, or it may be mixed with mucus. Also known as hemoptysis (he-MOP-tih-sis), coughing up blood, even in small amounts, can be alarming. However, producing a little blood-tinged sputum isn’t uncommon and usually isn’t serious. Call 108 or seek emergency care if you’re coughing up blood in large quantities or coughing up blood frequently.

Causes

Hemoptysis refers to coughing up blood from some part of the respiratory tract. Blood coming from elsewhere, such as your stomach, can mimic coughing up blood. It’s important for your doctor to determine the site of the bleeding, and then determine why you’re coughing up blood.
The major cause of coughing up blood is chronic bronchitis or bronchiactasis, luminary tuberculosis. Other possible causes of coughing up blood include:
  • Fibrotic lesion in lung due to previous tuberculosis,
    Drug use, such as crack cocaine, Foreign body, Lung abscess
  • Parasitic infection, Trauma to the chest, COPD, Cystic fibrosis, Emphysema, Lung cancer, Mitral valve stenosis, Pneumonia
  • Pulmonary embolism, Tuberculosis, Wegener’s granulomatosis